Naples, is the capital of Campania and the third-largest municipality in Italy, after Rome and Milan. As of 2012, around 960,000 people live within the city's administrative limits. The Naples urban area, covering 1,023 km2, has a population of between 3 million and 3.7 million, and is the 8th-most populous urban area in the European Union. Between 4.1 and 4.9 million people live in the Naples metropolitan area, one of the largest metropolises on the Mediterranean Sea.
Naples is one of the oldest continuously-inhabited cities in the world. Bronze Age Greek settlements were established on the site in the second millennium BC, with a larger mainland colony – initially known as Parthenope – developing around the ninth century BC, at the end of the Greek Dark Ages. The city was refounded as Neápolis in the sixth century BC and became a lynchpin of Magna Graecia, playing a key role in the merging of Greek culture into Roman society and eventually becoming a cultural centre of the Roman Republic. Naples remained influential after the fall of the Western Roman Empire, serving as the capital city of the Kingdom of Naples between 1282 and 1816. Thereafter, in union with Sicily, it became the capital of the Two Sicilies until the unification of Italy in 1861. During the Neapolitan War of 1815, Naples strongly promoted Italian unification.
The city is situated on the country's west coast by the Gulf of Naples, in Southern Italy. Lying between two notable volcanic regions, Mount Vesuvius and the Campi Flegrei (en: Phlegraean Fields).
Naples has a Mediterranean climate, with mild, wet winters and warm, dry summers. The mild climate and fertility of the Gulf of Naples made the region famous during Roman times, when emperors such as Claudius and Tiberius holidayed near the city.
Naples has an extensive public transport network, including trams, buses, funiculars and trolleybuses, most of which are operated by the Municipally-owned company Azienda Napoletana Mobilità. Three public elevators are in operation in the city – one within the bridge of Chiaia, one in via Acton and one near the Sanità Bridge. The city furthermore operates the Naples Metro, an underground rapid transit railway system which integrates both surface railway lines and the city's metro stations, many of which are noted for their decorative architecture and public art. Suburban rail services are provided by Trenitalia, Circumvesuviana, Ferrovia Cumana and Metronapoli.
The city's main railway station is Napoli Centrale, which is located in Piazza Garibaldi; other significant stations include the Napoli Campi Flegrei and Napoli Mergellina. Naples' streets are famously narrow (it was the first city in the world to set up a pedestrian one-way street), so the general public commonly use compact hatchback cars and scooters for personal transit. Since 2007, Naples has been connected to Rome by a high-speed railway run by Treno Alta Velocità, with trains running at almost 300 km/h (186 mph), reducing the journey time to under an hour.
Naples is internationally famous for its cuisine and wine; it draws culinary influences from the numerous cultures which have inhabited it over the course of its history, including the Greeks, Spanish and French. Neapolitan cuisine emerged as a distinct form in the 18th century. The ingredients are typically rich in taste, while remaining affordable to the general populace.
Naples is traditionally credited as the home of pizza. This originated as a meal of the poor, but under Ferdinand IV it became popular among the upper classes: famously, the Margherita pizza was named after Queen Margherita after a visit to the city. Cooked traditionally in a wood-burning oven, the ingredients of Neapolitan pizza have been strictly regulated by law since 2004, and must include wheat flour type "00" with the addition of flour type "0" yeast, natural mineral water, peeled tomatoes or fresh cherry tomatoes, mozzarella cheese and marine salt and extra virgin olive oil.
Spaghetti is also associated with the city and is commonly eaten with the sauce ragù: a popular Neapolitan folkloric symbol is the comic figure Pulcinella eating a plate of spaghetti. Parmigiana di melanzane, mozzarella, spaghetti alle vongole and casatiello are among the dishes popular in the city.
Travelers looking for a quiet evening after a hard day's sightseeing in Naples may well be dismayed; the city is as bustling and manic at night as it is by day. But this is great news for those looking to party into the early hours! Naples can boast some fine examples of that enjoyably cheesy Italian specialty – the ‘disco-bar’. And the first stop should be the narrow alleyways of the ‘centro storico’, which are full of some fantastically seedy places that are part bar, part club.
Bars and clubs in Naples
· Superfly: Via Cisterna dell'Olio 12, Naples
· La Tapas Bar: Piazzetta del Nilo 36
· Lontano da Dove: Via Bellini 3
· Bourbon Street: Via Bellini 52
· Aret' a' Palm: Piazza Santa Maria la Nova 14, Naples
· B Side: Via Aniello Falcone 275, Naples
· Barrique: Piazzetta Ascensione 9, Naples
· Berevino: Via San Sebastiano 62, Naples
· Bluestone: Via Alabardieri 10, Naples
· Chalet Primavera: Largo Barbaia 1 Mergellina, Naples
· CSOA Officina 99: Via Gianturco 101, Naples
· Enoteca Belledonne: Vico Belledonne a Chiaia 18, Naples
· Fonoteca: Via Rafaele Morghen 31, Naples
· Fonoteca: Via Morghen 31C-E Vomero, Naples
· Gran Caffè Aragonese: Piazza San Domenico Maggiore 5/8, Naples
· Gran Caffè Gambrinus: Via Chiaia 1-2, Naples
· Kestè: Largo San Giovanni Maggiore 26-27, Naples
Ten things you should know about Naples women
Naples women are like the most italians are passionate, open hearted and very stylish. They enjoy good food and wine. Women in Naples are adventurous and risky, who know how to play the game and enjoy it. You will never feel bored in the company of the italian ladies.